APWC, in collaboration with Tonkin & Taylor undertook a follow up audit for landfills in Vanuatu using the methodology "Waste audits in SIDS: A common Approach" written by APWC's project director and adopted jointly by WB, SPREP, UNEP and PRIF. The results will be available on the SPREP website when complete. Landfill audits were carried out at the Bouffa landfill in Vanuatu, including physical audits of bagged waste as per the “Waste audit methodology”. Audits ensured that the categories between other previous/current audits and this audit are aligned to complete a full baseline as per the methodology. Stockpile data collection was undertaken – especially those stockpiles that exist within the recycling sector. Customs (Import, Export) Data was also collected from the Customs department. The final report was limited to the audits and analysis of the Landfill site, stockpiles, and the customs data. This report then forms an addendum to the waste audit reports available from cefas.
Plastic Waste Free Islands:
Plastic Waste Free Islands (PWFI) is part of the IUCN global Close the Plastic Tap programme working in six (6) Small Island Developing Sates (SIDS) in the Pacific (Fiji, Vanuatu, Samoa) and Caribbean (Antigua and Barbuda, St Lucia, Grenada) and across three sectors (fishing, tourism and waste management). The expected result of the project is a reduction in plastic waste generation and leakage from SIDs. APWC is currently quantifying, at national level, all inputs and outputs of plastic including imports and exports at national level (tons/year) for each SIDS integrating locally-sourced, field-level data complemented with national data sets and other relevant sources. The data is being used to perform a material flow analysis per sector of plastic by category of plastic, resulting in identification of total amount of plastic waste generated, leakage and plastic stock. Based on the results of the assessments, APWC will provide evidence-based guidance on which to take informed actions to reduce plastic waste across value chains assessed.
Land based sources of marine litter through the provisions of port waste reception facility audits:
Since April 2018, the United Kingdom and Vanuatu co-chair the Commonwealth Clean Oceans Alliance (CCOA), an initiative to unite countries across the Commonwealth in protecting the marine environment. The Commonwealth Litter Programme (CLiP) supports CCOA in meeting its objectives and was implemented by Cefas (Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science). In 2018 Cefas engaged APWC to undertake data collection, capacity building and training in two Pacific Island nations: Vanuatu and Solomon Islands. APWC undertook a systems approach to data collection to gain an understanding of how, where and what types of waste is generated and managed from a data, policy, infrastructure and capacity context. The APWC data-collection method assessed the amount of waste requiring immediate management, how and possible reasons waste leaked into the environment, and, in conjunction with extensive household interviews, the socio-economic and waste disposal behaviours of residents. In 2019, the results of the study were used by the government of Vanuatu to announce one of the most extensive bans on single use plastics in the Pacific region. In Solomon Islands, the data was used to develop waste management plans for the island of Malaita.